Athena’s culture rivals Arachne’s nature

Near Ephesus, upstream on the Cayster river, lies small but rich Gr5a/Pe10-11 Hypaipa, at Mt Aipos below Mt Tmolus in Lydia. Its women were beautiful dancers and dyers. Hypaipans liked contests. Lydian mountain king Tmolus, a son of Ares (3), judged a musical contest of Pan and Apollo. His river queen Omphale ‘Navel’ or galactic pole (11p) was a daughter of Jardanus or Jordan River (juncture p) in Phoenicia. After Tmolus is gored by a bull (2) on his mountain of wine and gold, Hercules serves Queen Omphale for a year in role reversal, she in his lion skin, he in a dress and weaving (2c/9c). Still Hercules completes many famous extra tasks from here. She later gives the town to his sons, the Heraclids. This excerpt from Stoneprint Journal 7: Hercules, Arcadia, and Greece myth maps, demonstrates the archetypal, innate and subconscious structure in Ovid’s version of the Arachne story and calendar myth.

Arachne ‘Spider’ (2c/5c) of the nearby oracle at Colophon ‘Summit, Finishing Touch, or Imprint’ (in Greek and Latin), a daughter of a Persian purple snail or spiral (2) dyer and priestess (2), challenged crafts goddess 13c Athena to a weaving contest. Her priestesses wove a full length skirt and top or peplos for Athena’s feast statue every four years, embroidered with rows of images as shown on statues of Artemis at Ephesus, and of Despoina’s veil (see Pe15g Lycosura). Athena weaves (13c) images of her victory over Poseidon for patronage of Athens, where she gave an olive tree (14) against his water; and of Olympian gods punishing rebel heroes. Arachne weaves 21 gods raping mortals, including Zeus impregnating (11) Leda swan, Europa bull, and Danae. Athena admits that Arachne’s work is flawless (as all variant expressions of archetype are),but dislikes the subject of divine crimes. She breaks the tapestry and loom, and strikes Arachne with the shuttle four times, or ages her four years. Arachne hangs herself to spin food traps and cocoons. Arachne’s nature and Athena’s culture are equal ‘weavers’ of meaning, irrespective of their chosen themes. Gods, myths, months, rituals and sites equally express archetype.

Ovid imagined Arachne’s designs as fourteen months. Structuralist analysis of the features of his months, reveal a lunar calendar of thirteen months, and an extra spring icon (type 1). He includes some local Hypaipa details in type 10 as gold in a fertile lap, and in type 11 as Erigone of Pe11 Icaria Isl, who also hanged herself, became Virgo (11), and by civilisation caused urban maids of Pe10-11 Athens to ‘hang themselves’ or become spinsters.

Ovid’s mythical calendar: Ovid imagined Arachne’s designs as thirteen lunar months, and an extra spring icon (type 1). These seasons are set in Age 3-4 or Aries-Pisces, about BC80.
Type; Character features (type nu); Month:
1  Star cluster (1) as Auriga (1) with Jupiter; May
2  Bull (2) as Jupiter with cow (2) Europa; May
3  Herdsman (3) of Apollo or spring (3) sun; April
4  Dolphin fish (4) of Neptune or water (4); March
5  River (5) nymph with Jup.’s winter (5) eagle; February
5c Swan as Leda of Aloeus ‘Thread’ (5c) A, at Elis
      (Gr13v5), with Jup.’s winter (5) eagle; January
6  Goat (6), of Neptune goat-fish amphibian (6); December
7  Birth (7) of centaur (7) Chiron; November
9  Spotted Serpent (9) of Jupiter; October
10 Scale discs (10), gold (10), Danae’s lap(11); September
11 Maid (11) /Erigone of Pe11 Icaria /Virgo(11); August
13 Lion (13) skin /Phoebus ‘Radiant’ summer(13); July
14 River confluence (14) of Neptune & Leda Swan (14)
     at Gr13c Sicyon of Aloesus ‘Thread’(13c) B; June
15 Twins (15) in a river or galaxy (15g); June.


Ovid includes planets in his calendar. Planets play major roles in conscious symbolism ‘programmes’, but minor roles in archetypal structure. Planets are too few to express the minimum twelve types, thus express more than one type each, causing overlap and ambiguity.

All esoteric systems, including Ovid’s, and even Jung’s depth psychology, are challenged by planetary types. In Ovid, Jupiter at types 2v9 and at 5,5c marks three seasons of Age Taurus, but the fourth season, 13 Phoebus /Apollo is the sun. Neptune at 4 and 6v14 should be at 3v10 and 6v14.

Apollo as spring sun at 3 should be at 4 as annual sun. Interchangeability is typical of planets, hour decans, and Age transitions.

Ovid is the only mythographer to place the weaving contest at Gr5a/Pe10-11 Hypaipa, partly due to conscious motivations that other other versions may rectify. The main subconscious theme, type 5c Basket Tail, fits better with the Gr5c Tail sector in Lydia, but here appears on the Gr5a axis… [excerpt from Stoneprint Journal 7; Hercules, Arcadia, and Greece myth maps].


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