The five subconscious, structured layers of expression globally, are (a) typological characters with specific optional features; (b) type sequence, clockwise or anti-clockwise; (c) axial grid between eyes or focal points of pairs of opposite types; (d) three pairs of polar junctures, implying three planes of expression; (e) orientation of polar pairs vertical or horizontal to the ground-line or a cardinal direction, co-incidental with the seasonal time-frame of the local culture.
Types could be labelled after any popular set, such as species, myths or months. Generic labels, such as social functions, avoid the false impression of diffusion from one particular medium or culture. Correspondence theories are often misled by recurrent archetypal features, or by inevitable cross-references between media and cultures, into assuming diffusion, and ignoring the innate roles of nature in culture.
Characters expressing the types always have their eyes (except a womb at 11, and a heart at 12/13; or interior focal points in built sites), on an axial grid, formed by standard pairs (1v8, 2v9, etc). Our works also express two ‘galactic’ polar points (4p v 11p); and two galactic crossings (7g v 15g); and three polar points: Midsummer or Celestial Pole (cp), Midwinter or Celestial South Pole (csp); and Ecliptic Pole at the axial centre. Polar points are not on eyes, but on limb joints (or junctures in built sites). Four of the types could be double, as they are in the figure (1v8, 2v9; and 5a v12, 5b v13); or single (2v9 and 5v13 only); thus the total is usually twelve, fourteen or sixteen. Some other pairs may also be doubled in complex artworks or built sites. The axial grid always confirms the peripheral sequence.
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Here is the January 2019 update of typological features, and their global average frequencies.
Type label; recurrent features of characters in any artwork, built site, or craft set, in peripheral sequence, with average frequencies:
1 /2 Builder; twist 44%, cluster 23%, bovid 19%, bird 19%, tower 18%, build 14%, sack 10%, hero 10%, book 8%, rain,
2c Basket; weave 25%, container20% instrument 20%, shoulder-hump 20%, hat 15%, throne 10%, snake 10%,
3 Queen; neck-bend 31%, dragon 19%, sacrifice 17%, queen 13%, school 12%, spring 10%, fish 6%, ram 4%,
4 King; squat 30%, rectangle 28%, king 22%, twins 13%, sun 12%, bird 10%, fish 8%, furnace 8%, field 5%,
4p Galactic South Pole; limb-joint 67%; juncture 17% (spout 12%, stream, speech,
5a/5b Priest; varicoloured 37%, priest 34%, hyperactive 33%, tailcoat-head 32%, assembly 30%, horizontal 28%, water 24%, heart 24%, large 24%, bovid 20%, winged 14%, invert 12%, reptile 10%, sash 8%, equid, ascend,
5c Basket-Tail; weave 16%, tail 14%, U-shape 10%, contain 8%, herb 4%, oracle,
6 Exile; in/egress 58%, horned 44%, sacrifice 30%, small 14%, U-shape 13%, double-head 12%, caprid 8%,
7 Child; rope 24%, juvenile 24%, bag 22%, unfold 13%, beheaded 10%, chariot 8%, mace 6%, off-grid,
7g Galactic Centre; limb-joint 38%; juncture 34% (throne, altar, spiral, tree, staff); path/gate 18%; water 16%,
8/9 Healer; bent 28%, strong 28%, pillar 28%, heal 22%, disc 14%, metal 8%,
9c Basket Lid; disc/hat 27%, instrument 25%, reveal 16%, hump 15%, weave 8%,
10 Teacher; W-shape 44%, staff 36%, hunt master 24%, guard 20%, metal 14%, market 14%, disc 12%, council 11%, snake 8%, ecology 8%, school 6%, wheel,
11 Womb; womb 88%, wheat 15%, water 14%, tomb 11%, interior 8%, library 8%, law 5%, felid 5%,
11p Gal. Pole; limb-joint 64% (hand 12%, elbow 10%, foot 12%, etc); juncture 24% (door 12%, corner, etc),
12/13 Heart; heart 83%, felid 42%, death 34%, rounded 21%, invert 14%, weapon 11%, war 9%, water-work 8%,
13c Basket-Head; oracle 14%, head 14%, weave 8%, ship,
14 Mixer; in/egress 43%, time 28%, tree 20%, angel 15%, bird 11%, antelope 10%, dancer 8%, felid 8%, reptile 4%,
15 Maker; churn 44%, rope 28%, order 27%, rampant 26%, bag 20%, mace 16%, doubled 16%, face 12%, canid 12%, sceptre 11%, smite 8%, reptile 8%, winged 8%,
15g Galactic Gate; junction 30% (river 10%); limb-joint 12%,
The five polar features also have global average frequencies. The axial centre is usually unmarked at about 60%, or on a limb-joint or juncture. Midsummer (cp) is on a limb joint 54%, or juncture 24%. Midwinter (csp) is on a limb joint 46%, or juncture 24%. One of the polar axles is on the horizontal plane 50%, or vertical plane 12% (or on a north-south meridian or east-west latitude in a built site).
Polar markers usually place midsummer on or near type 12, 13, 14 or 15, implying spring and the cultural time-frame 90 degrees earlier (in seasonal terms), in Age Taurus1, Taurus2, Aries3 or Pisces4. The spring type is often confirmed by some kind of prominence of the character expressing type 1, 2, 3 or 4.
The general theme of a work is indicated by features that are prominent, or shared by three or more characters. Works or sets express about 60% of the already known 100 optional, measurable, recurrent features. The identified features are not of conscious design. Structural or ‘grammatical’ layers of expression are subconscious to artists, architects, builders, crafters, and members of any culture. Rigorous average frequencies and consistency through ages, also rule out nurture. The full repertoire appears in the oldest examples, in Ice Age art of about BC 26 000 (Furter 2014), ruling out accumulation of idiosyncratic ‘ideas’, and of localised cultural ‘frameworks’, as some anthropologists and rock art archaeologists believe (Lewis-Williams and Pierce 2012).
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== Extract from STONEPRINT Journal Series. Supplement to Stoneprint, the human code in art, buildings and cities. Order the book, or journal editions; or contribute articles, on edmondfurter at gmail dot com, or +27 (0)11 955 6732, Four Equators Media, Johannesburg. See also http://www.stoneprintjournal. blog www.mindprintart.wordpress.com www.edmondfurter.wordpress.com
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1 Pictish beasts
2 Crop circles are natural artworks
3 Stoneprint tour of Paris
4 Stoneprint tour of London. 24pp, $18. Also from Lulu.com
5 Culture code in seals and ring stamps. Also from Lulu.com
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