London’s Roman, Medieval and Civil War gates formed stoneprints

London’s last permanent wall probably expressed the same subconscious structuralist orientation as the stoneprint among London buildings. During the Renaissance the stoneprint among buildings doubled in diameter, and quadrupled in surface. The wall was demolished and gates became obsolete. London’s stoneprint retained its orientation (as Rome, Paris and other cities did), but some buildings and some gates acquired new identities, and the polar points moved south-westward, first to Temple Ave (see below), then to the Thames south bank corner.
London’s Medieval gates

London’s Medieval gates, including Saxon and Norman renovations (after Wikipedia. Typology and axial grid by ED Furter).

Type label; Medieval gate (noting archetypal features):
1 Bjuilder or Taurus; Tower (tower, cluster, maze) Postern Gate, pedestrian bend (twisted).
3 Queen or Aries; Billingsgate, of Belin, his head buried here (sacrifice), at the river port (pool).
4 King or Pisces; Ebgate.
4p Gal.S.Pole; Dowgate, at Mill Brook mouth (juncture, spout).
5 Priest or Aquarius; Queenhithe (water).
6 Exile or Capricornus; Blackfriars corner, far from the centre (egress).
7 Child or Sagittarius; Ludgate.
8 Healer or Scorpius; Newgate.
10 Teacher or Libra; Aldersgate (council).
11 Womb or Virgo; Wood Str? No gate (womb /interior).
11p Gal.Pole: Cripplegate, low lintel.
12 Heart or Leo; Moorgate.
13 Heart or Leo; Mill Brook stream (water-work), under the wall (inversion).
14 Mixer or Cancer; Bishopsgate.
15 Maker or Gemini; Aldgate.
The ecliptic pole is near Watling Str /Bread Str (juncutre). The celestial pole may be on Mill Brook at Lombard Str (juncture), and the celestial south pole on Friday Str. Both cardinal directions indicate ‘summer’ in Gemini, thus ‘spring’ and the cultural time-frame in Age Pisces, perhaps confirmed by the central riverfront position of Ebgate.
The general theme among these gates are type 11p ‘Galactic Pole’, dry centre of a galactic ‘river’.

Schematic map of London’s earlier Roman gates (after Gilbert 2000. Typology and axial grid by ED Furter).

London’s Roman gates
Type labels; Gate (noting archetypal features):
2 Builder or Taurus; Tower Hill (tower) keep and stockade (bovid).
2c Basket; Eastern corner.
3 Queen or Aries; Belin’s Gate and head (sacrifice).
4 King or Pisces; St Magnus (king), and Roman bridge.
5 Priest or Aquarius; ?
6 Exile or Capricornus; Palace or a villa (camp), near the centre (ingress).
7 Child or Sagittarius; ? (unfolding).
7g Gal.Centre: St Martin at Fleet River (water, juncture).
9 Healer or Scorpius; Bailey.
9c Basket Lid; Newgate and prison (10 law enforcement).
10 Teacher or Libra; Aldersgate (council), at Barracks (guard).
11 Womb or Virgo; Barracks (interior), kitchen (wheat).
13 Heart or Leo; No gate (interior).
14 Mixer or Cancer; Bishopsgate.
15 Maker or Gemini; Aldgate; and Forum (order, face, sceptre).
15g Gal.Gate; Pedestrian gate?
Polar markers are uncertain.

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London’s civil war forts
Citizens worked hard as volunteers to first erect redoubts, then a large chain of forts, banks and dykes in the Civil War in 1643. Royal forces did not attack London afterward, and internal opposition was suppressed by democratic terror. Parliament soon demolished the forts in 1647. A conjectural map of 1739 and a modern survey demonstrate that artworks and plans are different media using the same spatial ‘grammar’.

Conjectural but inaccurate map of London’s Civil War defences (after George Vertue, 1739. Typology and axial grid by ED Furter).
Modern survey of London’s Civil War forts (after Vauban. Typology and axial grid by ED Furter).

Typology in the modern survey of London’s civil war defences (map after Vauban, noting differences in the survey by Vertue, on Fortified Places):
1 Builder or Taurus; Wapping Fort, at the later Millbank Prison (maze); On the same axis as the Tower; outer front for the Tower, seat of power (build, sack) and records (book).
2 Builder or Taurus; Redriff or Rotherhithe Fort.
2c Basket; Bermondsey Church Fort.
3 Queen or Aries; Kent Str Fort.
4 King or Pisces; Newington or Blackman Str Fort, at Elephant & Castle, ferrier (furnace).
4p Gal.S.Pole; St George’s Fields Fort (juncture. 4 field).
5a Priest or Aquarius; Vauxhall Fort (assembly), land and water forces (hyperactive, water).
5b Priest or Aquarius; Tothill Fort (assembly, mound of 12 opposite).
6 Exile or Capricornus; Milkfield Fort, far out (egress).
7 Child or Sagittarius; Goring House Fort.
7g Gal.Centre: Oliver’s Mount (juncture) or Sergeant’s Fort. [Another survey found a western corner 7g at Hyde Park Fort].
8 Healer or Scorpius; Banqueting Fort.
9 Healer or Scorpius; St Giles Fort.
9c Basket Lid; Southampton Fort.
10 Teacher or Libra; Lincoln’s Inn Fields? (interior, more typical of 11).
11 Womb; Virgo; Holborn? (interior from Pinder Of Wakefield Fort); or Royal Fort (one of only two exterior forts, usually one of two interior forts).
11p Galactic Pole: St John Str or Waterfield Fort (12 water-work), near Royal redoubt (juncture). [Another survey indicates type 12 Leo here].
12 Heart or Leo; Interior (heart) from Mount Mill Fort. [Another survey reveals this fort as type 13].
13 Heart or Leo; Hoxton Fort, which another survey places interior (heart). [Another survey reveals 13c here].
13c Basket Head; Shoreditch Church Fort.
14 Mixer or Cancer; Brick Lane Fort.
15 Maker or Gemini; Whitechapel Mount Fort, artificial hill (churn); and Mile End redoubt (doubled).
The ecliptic pole is near Talus Str (unmarked). [Another survey places the axial centre near Temple Church]. The celestial poles are uncertain.
The general theme among the Civil War defences includes type 11p Galactic Pole, of junctures and gestation, also of the short-lived Republic.

 

STONEPRINT Journal series

This post is an extract from a supplement to Stoneprint, the human code in art, buildings and cities. Order from Lulu.com here: http://www.lulu.com/shop/edmond-furter/stoneprint-journal-4-the-stoneprint-tour-of-london/paperback/product-23561091.html

Consider including the book Mindprint.

Or order the book Stoneprint (2016), or Mindprint (2014); or slide show talks, or to contribute articles, email edmondfurter@gmail.com or call +27 (0)11 955 6732. Four Equators Media, Johannesburg. ISBN 978-0-620-69863-4

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Back editions 16pp each, at $/E12; or order any edition with the book Stoneprint, the human code in art, buildings and cities, 2016, 388 pages, $/E25 plus postage:

1 Pictish beasts ‘zodiac’
2 Crop circles are natural artworks
3 The stoneprint tour of Paris
4 The stoneprint tour of London. Also from Lulu.com (24 pages, $18), http://www.lulu.com/shop/edmond-furter/stoneprint-journal-4-the-stoneprint-tour-of-london/paperback/product-23561091.html Students and lovers of art and rock art should consider ordering editions with the book Mindprint (264 pages, 200 illustrations, about $29).

5 Culture code in seals and ring stamps. Lulu.com

6 Rennes le Chateau stoneprint tour. Lulu.com $10.

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